Unicode Character "−" (U+2212)

The character (Minus Sign) is represented by the Unicode codepoint U+2212. It is encoded in the Mathematical Operators block, which belongs to the Basic Multilingual Plane. It was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (June, 1993). It is HTML encoded as −.

Main Unicode Properties

Name Minus Sign
Unicode Codepoint U+2212
Unicode Version 1.1 (June, 1993)
Block Mathematical Operators
Plane Basic Multilingual Plane

Bidirectional Data

Bidirectional class European Separator (ES)
Is mirrored? No

Other Unicode Data

Category Math Symbol
Script Code for undetermined script
Combining Class Not Reordered

U+2212 Conversion

HTML (decimal) −
HTML (hex) −
HTML (named) −
URL Escape Code %E2%88%92
CSS \002212
JavaScript, JSON \u2212
C, C++, Java \u2212
Python \u2212
Rust \u{2212}
Ruby \u2212

How to type "−"

  • Windows ?: Hold Alt, then type 2 2 1 2. Release Alt.
  • Mac ?: Hold Alt ⌥, then type 2 2 1 2. Release Alt.


  • Times, Times New Roman, serif
  • Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif
  • Courier, Courier New, monospace

UTF Encodings

UTF-8 (hex) 0xE2 0x88 0x92
UTF-16 (hex) 0x2212
UTF-32 (hex) 0x00002212

Characters based on "−" (U+2212)