Unicode Character "�" (U+FFFD)

The character (Replacement Character) is represented by the Unicode codepoint U+FFFD. It is encoded in the Specials block, which belongs to the Basic Multilingual Plane. It was added to Unicode in version 1.1 (June, 1993). It is HTML encoded as �.

Main Unicode Properties

Name Replacement Character
Unicode Codepoint U+FFFD
Unicode Version 1.1 (June, 1993)
Block Specials
Plane Basic Multilingual Plane

Bidirectional Data

Bidirectional class Other Neutral (ON)
Is mirrored? No

Other Unicode Data

Category Other Symbol
Script Code for undetermined script
Combining Class Not Reordered

U+FFFD Conversion

HTML (decimal) �
HTML (hex) �
HTML (named) -
URL Escape Code %EF%BF%BD
JavaScript, JSON \uFFFD
C, C++, Java \uFFFD
Python \uFFFD
Rust \u{FFFD}
Ruby \uFFFD

How to type "�"

  • Windows ?: Hold Alt, then type F F F D. Release Alt.
  • Mac ?: Hold Alt ⌥, then type F F F D. Release Alt.


  • Times, Times New Roman, serif
  • Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif
  • Courier, Courier New, monospace

UTF Encodings

UTF-8 (hex) 0xEF 0xBF 0xBD
UTF-16 (hex) 0xFFFD
UTF-32 (hex) 0x0000FFFD